What Are Nootropics And How Do They Work?

Nootropics Overview

Nootropics have grown popular over the years becoming prevalently applied and utilized by many individuals both old and young. They usually go by other names such as “smart drugs” or “cognitive enhancers” in many pharmaceutical and drug store outlets. Thus, nootropics comprise a group of drugs or supplements either synthetic or naturally occurring taken by individuals to improve their cognitive functional abilities such as memory, creativity, and motivation.

Who Uses Nootropics?

Nootropics are majorly utilized by those who acquire them over the counter. Nevertheless, in certain medical conditions such as Alzheimer’s, narcolepsy, ADHD among others, these drugs may be prescribed by health professionals as a stimulant for the management of these conditions.

However, these drugs are popularly used without medical prescription by students in colleges. Students use these drugs to help them boost memory retention and uptake. Similarly, adults in certain job descriptions also indulge in popping these pills to help in boosting their creativity and productivity in a competitive market environment.

Some of the common nootropics include:

  • Plant extracts such as L-theanine, Rhodiola Rosea, Bacopa monnieri, curcumin, Ginkgo Biloba among others.
  • Prescription nootropics include Modafinil pill as one of the most popular ones, Adderall, methylphenidate, memantine among others
  • Others include; piracetam, oxiracetam, caffeine, nicotine, and others

How Nootropics Work

There has existed quite a controversy involving the users and scientists on the abilities of these drugs to influence a healthy individual’s cognitive behavior. There has since been no concrete evidence to authenticate these claims and elaborate on the mechanism of action of these drugs on a healthy brain.

Some researchers have occasionally suggested that the nootropics usually influence certain aspects of the central nervous system by increasing the amounts and activity of some of these chemicals, dopamine, cholinergic, muscarinic, and GABA neurotransmitters in the brain. Moreover, some nootropics have usually been associated with facilitating the rise in adrenalin in the body or increasing the rate of blood flow to the brain. All these generally facilitate an improvement in alertness, focus, and hyperactivity among others.

Possible Side Effects

Precautions should be taken when using these smart drugs because just like all the other drugs more so stimulants, usually has severe side effects when abused. For instance, nootropics occasionally have side effects such as;

  • High blood pressure
  • Fast heart rate
  • Insomnia
  • Addiction
  • Convulsions

Thus tremendous care should be taken when using these drugs to avoid health complications.